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Testing Domin's High-Performance Servo Valves with Delta Motion header image

Testing Domin's High-Performance Servo Valves with Delta Motion


Delta Motion is a well-regarded manufacturer specialising in high-performance hydraulic motion control solutions for industrial automation. Their dedication goes beyond simply providing products; they also offer comprehensive hands-on training programmes and customer support. Notably, Delta Motion conducts thorough testing on a wide range of servo and proportional valves, including those made by Domin's competitors. Their testing approach prioritises real-world application performance, unlike standard manufacturer assessments that mainly focus on robustness and reliability.

Delta Motion has earned a respected reputation by being transparent in publishing valve test results and using them to recommend valves tailored to specific customer needs. For Domin, having their valves tested by Delta Motion provides access to additional credible third-party validation from a trusted industry source.

Testing Overview

Delta Motion were given one each of Domin’s S4 ProS6 Pro, and S10 Pro valves for evaluation and tasked with evaluating them, aiming to assess their performance against published specifications to the fullest extent possible.

The S6 Pro (size 06, ±10V input) and S10 Pro (size 10, ±10V input) underwent testing on systems featuring a 2-inch bore cylinder with a 24-inch stroke, while the S4 Pro (size 01 ±10V input) was evaluated on a system with a 0.875-inch bore cylinder and a 6-inch stroke. Both setups operated at a supply pressure of 1500 psi provided by a pump and accumulator, with a position sensor resolution of 1µm and a motion controller update rate of 1 ms.

The testing methodology evaluated:

  • • Linearity of spool position versus command signal
  • • Step response time
  • • Stability under pulsed inputs
  • • Frequency response
  • • Position control performance
  • • Force control performance

S4 Pro Servo Valve

Key Results
  • Highly linear spool position response to input signal
  • Very fast step response, estimated at 3 ms to 100%
  • Maintained stability under pulsed inputs without failure.
  • Held position within ±0.0003 in variation.
  • Tracked velocity setpoints up to 15 in/s with 100 in/s^2 acceleration/deceleration.
  • Delivered excellent force control with noise attributed to test setup limitations rather than valve performance.

S4 Pro

Step Response 

The step response was tested by feeding the valve a step input and monitoring the spool position. Unfiltered velocity is plotted. As shown in Figure 2, the valve reached 100% within 5ms. Accounting for delays due to the 1 ms update rate, the actual step response is likely around 3ms. Figure 3 shows the movement from 100% to 0% spool position, which exhibits some overshoot.  

The Step response graphs from the tests on the S4 Pro Servo Valve.

Force Control

The Domin valve was able to perform force control well. The noise in the plots is due to the system, not the valve, and did not allow the most precise analysis. From the tuning experience and control experience, the valve felt very capable of good force control. 

The force control graphs, from the tests completed on the S4 Pro Valve.

S6 Pro Servo Valve

Key Results
  • Excellent spool position linearity, with smooth response at ramp rates up to 100%
  • Fast step response reaching 100% in approximately 5 ms
  • Stable behaviour under pulsed inputs without loss of control
  • Bandwidth of 70 Hz at ±10% amplitude variation and phase shift under 45 degrees
  • Precise position control within ±0.00008 in deviation
  • Accurate tracking at velocities up to 16 in/s and accelerations up to 800 in/s^2
  • Smooth force control response with some minor oscillations in control output when decreasing force

S6 Pro-min

Frequency Response

The frequency response was tested by outputting an open loop voltage sine wave with a varying frequency from 1 Hz to 100 Hz over 5 seconds. The spool position was monitored, and data collected every 0.250 milliseconds.

A look at the frequency response graphs generated during testing of the S6 pro servo valve.

Controlling an Underdamped System 

The valve was placed on a system with a very low natural frequency that requires Double Differential Gain and Jerk Feed Forward. The valve performed very well.  

Underdamped system graph generated in the testing of the S6 Pro valve.

S10 Pro Servo Valve

Key Results
  • The valve demonstrated highly linear spool position response across the full operating range when tested by ramping the input voltage from 0 to 100%.
  • Fast step response was observed, with the valve reaching 100% spool position in approximately 7 ms and stabilizing within 13 ms.
  • The valve maintained stability under pulsed command inputs without any oscillation or loss of control.
  • Excellent position control was achieved, with the valve able to hold commanded position within ±0.00004 in variation.
  • Velocity setpoints up to 15 in/s were accurately tracked with 100 in/s^2 acceleration and deceleration rates, though some minor control output oscillations were present during motion.
  • Tight force regulation was observed within ±5 lbf of setpoint with minimal ±0.10% control output variation, indicating excellent force control.
  • The valve demonstrated smooth tracking of force setpoints under dynamic conditions when tuned.

S10 Pro

Position Control 

Closed loop position control was tested by a technician tuning the system as good as possible. As seen in fig 8, the valve held position with minimal oscillation of ±0.00004in.

The position control data collected whilst testing the S10 pro servo valve.

Valve Stability 

Different pulses were applied to the valve to test its stability . The valve was responsive and remained stable thoughout the tests. The figures below illustrate the resulting plot from different pulses

The valve stability data graphs provided by the Delta motion tests on the S10 Pro valve.


The valves demonstrated excellent motion control capabilities for position, velocity and force regulation. The results validate Domin’s claims about servo valve performance and showcase advanced technical abilities.

Across all three servo valves tested – the S6 Pro, S4 Pro, and S10 Pro – Delta Motion’s results showed:

  • Highly linear spool position response to input signals
  • Very fast step response times, reaching 100% in 3-7 ms
  • Stable behavior under pulsed inputs without oscillation or loss of control
  • Precise position control within ±0.00004-0.0008 in variation
  • Accurate tracking of velocity setpoints up to 15-16 in/s with high accelerations
  • Tight force regulation within ±5 lbf and low control output variation
  • Overall excellent capabilities for position, velocity and force control

In summary, the testing performed by Delta Motion proves Domin’s expertise across their servo valve lineup. The S4 Pro, S6 Pro and S10 Pro all achieved exceptional performance in key areas of linearity, dynamics, stability, position accuracy, velocity tracking and force control. These results validate Domin’s capabilities and demonstrate their leadership in driving new standards for high-performance servo valves. The testing results from Delta Motion cements Domin’s reputation as an innovative player advancing servo valve technology.

Delta Motion is a US registered trademark of Delta Computer Systems, Inc. dba Delta Motion.

Vat Reg Number: 846644204 Company Registration Number: 5230249

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